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5ta wadan ee Yurub ugu nabdoon ee la booqan karo xagaagan

Lahaanshaha sawirka Christo Anestev ee Pixabay
Written by Linda S. Hohnholz

Iyada oo la adeegsanayo cabbirro la falanqeeyay sida tayada biyaha qubeyska, tayada daryeelka caafimaadka, iyo heerka tuugada iyo dilalka iyo isku darka natiijooyinkan ee dhibcaha badbaadada ee kama dambaysta ah, Lataliyaha Forbes ayaa diyaariyey warbixin si uu u ogaado taas Yurub u socota waa kan ugu nabdoon sanadka 2022.

Waa kuwan sida 5-ta sare ay isugu soo urureen:

1. Switzerland

Sida laga soo xigtay natiijooyinka, Switzerland waa dalka ugu ammaanka badan ee la booqdo sanadkan, isagoo leh Dhibcaha Badbaadada 88.3.

Switzerland ayaa leh tayada ugu wanaagsan ee daryeelka caafimaadka dhammaan 29-ka waddan ee Yurubta ah ee lagu falanqeeyay cilmi-baarista (893 marka loo eego 1000 marka loo eego Euro). Tusmada Macaamilka CaafimaadkaWaxaa ku xiga Nederlaan (883) iyo Denmark (885).

Ka sokow, waddanku wuxuu ku jiraa kaalinta lixaad ee qiimeynta tayada ugu wanaagsan ee biyaha qubeyska, iyadoo 93% biyaha qubeyska ee dalka ay yihiin kuwo tayo wanaagsan leh, ka dib Qubrus (100%), Austria iyo Greece (98%) Malta (97%) iyo Croatia (96%), oo ku salaysan xogta Wakaalada Deegaanka Yurub. 

Daraasadu waxay sidoo kale tixgelisay heerarka wasakhowga, iyadoo lagu saleynayo cabbirada walxaha hawada ee leh dhexroor ka yar 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5) ee IQAir. Celceliska celceliska PM2.5 ee Switzerland ee 10.8 waxay la macno tahay inay leedahay hawo tobnaad ee ugu nadiifsan liiska, halka heerka dilalka sida uu qabo Eurostat uu hooseeyo marka la barbar dhigo wadamada kale, 5.7 milyankiiba, oo gaaraya 50 dil sanadka 2019. 

2. Slovenia

Diiwangelinta mid ka mid ah heerarka dilalka ugu hooseeya, oo gaaraya 4.8 milyankiiba, Slovenia waa dalka labaad ee ugu nabdoon ee loo safro marka loo eego natiijooyinka, iyadoo leh Dhibcaha Badbaadada 82.3.

Celcelis ahaan heerarka wasakheynta (13.3 PM2.5), iyo tayada daryeelka caafimaadka (678), biyaha qubeyska ee dalka ayaa sidoo kale si fiican u shaqeeya, iyadoo 85% lagu qiimeeyay inay yihiin kuwo aad u wanaagsan. 

Haddii aad raadinayso meel aad wax ku sahamiso ama safar keligiis ah, tani waxay noqon kartaa meesha kugu habboon. 

3. Portugal

Dhibcaha Badbaadada ee 82.1, Portugal waa waddanka saddexaad ee ugu nabdoon ee booqda xagaagan.

Kaalinta toddobaad ee tayada wanaagsan ee biyaha (93%) Switzerland iyo Jarmalka, Portugal ayaa ku jirta kaalinta afraad ee tayada hawada, oo leh mid ka mid ah heerarka wasakhowga hawada ugu hooseeya (7.1 PM2.5), ka dib Finland (5.5 PM2.5), Estonia ( 5.9 PM2.5), iyo Sweden (6.6 PM2.5).

Portugal waxay ku jirtaa kaalinta tobnaad ee tayada daryeelka caafimaadka ka dib Jarmalka (754).

4. Austria

Iyadoo wadarta guud ee dhibcaha 81.4, Awstaria waa dalka afraad ee ugu nabdoon ee loo safro sanadka 2022.

Wadanku wuxuu leeyahay mid ka mid ah boqolleyda ugu sarreeya ee biyaha qubeyska ee ugu sarreeya dhammaan waddamada la falanqeeyay (98%), labaadna Qubrus (100%) wuxuuna ku jiraa kaalinta toddobaad ee tayada daryeelka caafimaadka (799 marka loo eego Tusmada Macaamiisha Caafimaadka), ka dib Iswidhan ( 800) iyo Finland (839).

Tirada dilalka ayaa sidoo kale aad u yar marka loo eego wadamada kale, oo gaaraya 8.2 milyan qof. 

5. Jarmalka

Dhibcaha Badbaadada kama dambaysta ah ee 81.2, Jarmalku waa waddanka shanaad ee ugu nabdoon ee la booqdo 2022.

Boqolkiiba dalka ee biyaha qubeyska oo aad u wanaagsan ayaa gaaraya 93%, taasoo ka dhigaysa badqabka dabaasha iyo dalxiisayaasha.

Siddeedaad ee tayada hawada ugu fiican (oo leh heer wasakh ah 10.6 PM2.5), iyo tiro yar oo dil ah halkii milyan (6.9), Jarmalku waa meelaha ugu habboon ee dhammaan noocyada safarka ah. 

Warar la xiriira

War ku saabsan qoraaga

Linda S. Hohnholz

Linda Hohnholz ayaa tifaftire u ahayd madaxa eTurboNews sanado badan.
Waxay jeceshahay inay wax qorto oo ay fiiro gaar ah siiso faahfaahinta.
Waxay sidoo kale mas'uul ka tahay dhammaan waxyaabaha ku jira qiimaha iyo war -saxaafadeedka.

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